ICOS Conference 2018

Keynotes

Keynotes

 

Giacomo Grassi

Giacomo Grassi has been acting as a Senior Scientific Officer at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission since 2005. Dr Grassi holds a PhD in Forest Ecology. He also leads the group on ‘Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry’ (LULUCF) within the Directorate on Sustainable Resources, which is dealing with the estimation of CO2 fluxes from managed terrestrial ecosystems – mainly forests – and their reporting to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Dr Grassi is focused on coordinating the LULUCF sector of the EU greenhouse gas inventory and the modeling of forest carbon dynamics at EU level using the Carbon Budget Model. He provides scientific support in the design of policies at EU level (e.g. the forest reference levels under the post-2020 LULUCF Regulation) and under the Paris Agreement. Dr Grassi is an expert reviewer of LULUCF GHG inventories for the UNFCCC and a lead author of several IPCC reports, such as “2013 Supplementary Guidance under the Kyoto Protocol”, “Methodological Refinement of the 2006 Guidelines for GHG inventories” and “Special Report on Climate Change and Land”. He has published 50 papers in peer-reviewed journals, mostly focused on the carbon balance and the mitigation potential of forest ecosystems.

Giacomo Grassi gives a keynote on Tue 11th Sept titled ‘Bridging gaps between policy-making and science: the case of forest GHG estimates‘.

 

Dennis Baldocchi

Dennis Baldocchi is a professor of biometeorology at the University of California, Berkeley. He and his research group conduct experimental and theoretical studies on the physical, biological and chemical control of trace gas exchange between vegetation and the atmosphere. Goals of work are to predict fluxes of carbon, water and energy, mechanistically, everywhere, all of the time.

Lines of inquiry have been along understanding how fluxes of mass and energy between ecosystems and the atmosphere vary along a spectrum of time and space scales in accordance with structure, function, weather and climate and management. Methods used include use of the eddy covariance method to measure net fluxes of mass and energy across the atmosphere-ecosystem interface. Data are interpreted and distilled through the lens of the CANVEG family of models, physiological measurements at the leaf scale and flux measurements across the soil-atmosphere interface.

His current work focuses on: 1) the roles of management and ecological restoration on greenhouse gas fluxes of crops and wetlands; 2) the impact of weather, climate trends and variability, physiological stress, and structure and function on the greenhouse gas fluxes of savanna woodlands and annual grasslands; and 3) the upscaling and interpretation of fluxes across climatic and ecological gradients with the AmeriFlux and FLUXNET networks.

Prof. Baldocchi has been principal investigator of Fluxnet since 1997 and is co-investigator of Ameriflux. He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, recipient of the American Meteorological Society Award for Outstanding Achievement in Biometeorology and a Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Scientist over multiple years in Agricultural Science and once in Ecology/Environment.

He served as Editor in Chief of the Journal of Geophysical Research, Biogeoscience, as subject editor of Global Change Biology and on the editorial boards of numerous other journals. He has served on numerous science advisory panels including the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry and the Department of Energy, Biological and Environmental Research Division.

Dennis Baldocchi gives a keynote on Wed 12th Sept titled ‘Viewing ICOS in a global context: lessons learned from the global network, FLUXNET‘.

 

Philippe Ciais

Philippe Ciais has received a PhD in 1991 for a topic titled “Holocene climate record of Antarctic ice cores”. In 1992, Dr Ciais was a post-doctoral fellow at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Boulder, Colorado, where he investigated how 13C and 18O isotopes in atmospheric CO2 can be used to constrain terrestrial carbon fluxes. He also designed the first three-dimensional simulation model of 18O in CO2, an isotopic tracer of the water cycle coupled with CO2 uptake by plant photosynthesis.

From 2005 to 2013, Philippe Ciais devoted his time to the coordination of the preparation of the Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS), being part of the national and European auditions, technical preparation work, and the negotiation of the governance and funding leverage. At that time, Philippe Ciais also acted as a co-chair of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) task force on integrated carbon observations.

In addition, Dr Ciais ha co-chaired of the Global Carbon Project in 2009-14. He also acted as a Convening Lead Author of the IPCC Working Group 1, for the Carbon Cycle chapter of the 5th IPCC Assessment Report.

Dr Ciais’ research activities during the last twenty years has mainly included the relationship between ecosystem CO2 fluxes and climate, combining terrestrial biosphere models with satellite and eddy-covariance observations. By the age of 52, Philippe Ciais has contributed to more than 600 publications in A-ranking journals over the past 17 years. He was ranked as the most productive scientific author in the field of climate change, and among the authors who contributed to 5 of the 100 most influential papers in this field.

Philippe Ciais gives a keynote on Thu 13th Sept titled ‘The global carbon balance of forests based on flux towers and forest age data‘.

 

Adrian Leip

Adrian Leip is a Senior Scientific Officer at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission since 2001. Dr Leip holds a PhD in Geo-ecology (University of Bayreuth, Germany). His work focuses modelling of emissions and mitigation options of GHGs and reactive nitrogen using process-based and agro-economic models, life cycle assessment including nitrogen and carbon footprint analyses; assessment of food systems in Europe; development of sustainablity indicators.

Within the Food Security Unit of the Directorate on Sustainable Resources, he leads the activities related to emissions of greenhouse gases from agricultural sources and nitrogen flows in agricultural systems and beyond (national nitrogen budgets). This includes also the work within the EU GHG inventory system, where he is responsible for the sector agriculture, in particular QA/QC of agricultural emission estimates, including methodological assessments of uncertainties in GHG emission estimates. Dr Leip is co-chair of the Expert Panel on Nitrogen and Food under the Task Force on Reactive Nitrogen (UN-ECE LRTAP Convention) and currently chairs the Technical Advisory Group on Nutrient Cycles Assessment of the Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance Partnership (LEAP, FAO). He is a lead author of the IPCC “Methodological Refinement of the 2006 Guidelines for GHG inventories” for the agriculture sector and the IPCC “6th Assessment Report – WG-III Mitigation”. Dr Leip has published over 50 papers in peer-reviewed journals mainly on the nitrogen cycle and agricultural GHG emissions.

Adrian Leip gives a keynote on Thu 13th Sept titled ‘Bottom-up and top-down methods in national GHG emission reporting‘.

 

Plenary Speakers

 

Joanna Post

Alex Vermeulen

Ana Bastos

Ana Bastos gives a plenary speech on Thu 13th Sept titled ‘Connecting global and regional carbon budgets to support policy-making‘.