ICOS Conference 2018

Keynotes

Keynotes

 

Giacomo Grassi

Giacomo Grassi has been acting as a Senior Scientific Officer at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission since 2005. Dr Grassi holds a PhD in Forest Ecology. He also leads the group on ‘Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry’ (LULUCF) within the Directorate on Sustainable Resources, which is dealing with the estimation of CO2 fluxes from managed terrestrial ecosystems – mainly forests – and their reporting to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Dr Grassi is focused on coordinating the LULUCF sector of the EU greenhouse gas inventory and the modeling of forest carbon dynamics at EU level using the Carbon Budget Model. He provides scientific support in the design of policies at EU level (e.g. the forest reference levels under the post-2020 LULUCF Regulation) and under the Paris Agreement. Dr Grassi is an expert reviewer of LULUCF GHG inventories for the UNFCCC and a lead author of several IPCC reports, such as “2013 Supplementary Guidance under the Kyoto Protocol”, “Methodological Refinement of the 2006 Guidelines for GHG inventories” and “Special Report on Climate Change and Land”. He has published 50 papers in peer-reviewed journals, mostly focused on the carbon balance and the mitigation potential of forest ecosystems.

Giacomo Grassi gives a keynote on Tue 11th Sept titled ‘Bridging gaps between policy-making and science: the case of forest GHG estimates‘.

Joanna Post

Joanna Post has been working with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat since 2014. Since 2015 she has been based in the Science and Review Unit of the Adaptation Programme where she supports negotiations under the UNFCCC and its Paris Agreement on research and systematic observation. She is a programme officer working on issues related to Earth observation, research, climate services and developing dialogue at the science/policy interface. She is also the thematic focal point on oceans and adaptation.

Prior to joining the secretariat, Dr. Post managed a number of national and international scientific research and educational programmes and projects in both the UK and Germany. She holds a Ph.D. in environmental biochemistry from the University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

Joanna Post gives a keynote on Tue 11th of Sept titled The Paris Agreement and implications for Earth Observation science

Dennis Baldocchi

Dennis Baldocchi is a professor of biometeorology at the University of California, Berkeley. He and his research group conduct experimental and theoretical studies on the physical, biological and chemical control of trace gas exchange between vegetation and the atmosphere. Goals of work are to predict fluxes of carbon, water and energy, mechanistically, everywhere, all of the time.

Lines of inquiry have been along understanding how fluxes of mass and energy between ecosystems and the atmosphere vary along a spectrum of time and space scales in accordance with structure, function, weather and climate and management. Methods used include use of the eddy covariance method to measure net fluxes of mass and energy across the atmosphere-ecosystem interface. Data are interpreted and distilled through the lens of the CANVEG family of models, physiological measurements at the leaf scale and flux measurements across the soil-atmosphere interface.

His current work focuses on: 1) the roles of management and ecological restoration on greenhouse gas fluxes of crops and wetlands; 2) the impact of weather, climate trends and variability, physiological stress, and structure and function on the greenhouse gas fluxes of savanna woodlands and annual grasslands; and 3) the upscaling and interpretation of fluxes across climatic and ecological gradients with the AmeriFlux and FLUXNET networks.

Prof. Baldocchi has been principal investigator of Fluxnet since 1997 and is co-investigator of Ameriflux. He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, recipient of the American Meteorological Society Award for Outstanding Achievement in Biometeorology and a Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Scientist over multiple years in Agricultural Science and once in Ecology/Environment.

He served as Editor in Chief of the Journal of Geophysical Research, Biogeoscience, as subject editor of Global Change Biology and on the editorial boards of numerous other journals. He has served on numerous science advisory panels including the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry and the Department of Energy, Biological and Environmental Research Division.

Dennis Baldocchi gives a keynote on Wed 12th Sept titled ‘Viewing ICOS in a global context: lessons learned from the global network, FLUXNET‘.

Maciej Telszewski

Maciej Telszewski holds a PhD in Marine Biogeochemistry from the University of East Anglia (Norwich, UK), where he worked with surface ocean carbon data to develop an efficient neural network algorithm allowing basin scale mapping of this parameter in the North Atlantic. He then moved to Japan, where he joined a research group at the National Institute for Environmental Studies (Tsukuba) to further improve the statistical computing approach. His work resulted in successful mapping of surface carbon and nutrients fields in the North Pacific accompanied by fluxes estimates included in the RECCAP synthesis (http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/reccap/). Throughout his research carrier he was actively involved in field campaigns, contributing surface measurements to the Surface Ocean CO2 Observing Network (SOCONET) and ocean interior measurements to the Global Ocean Ship-based Hydrographic Investigations Program (GO-SHIP, http://www.go-ship.org/). He contributed research outputs to major projects like EU CARBOOCEAN IP (2005-2009) focused on marine carbon sources and sinks assessment and EU CARBOCHANGE (2011-2015) focused on the ocean‘s quantitative role in the uptake of carbon under changing climate conditions.

In 2011 Maciej joined the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (Paris, France) initially as a Deputy Director of the International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP, http://www.ioccp.org/index.php ) and since mid-2012 as IOCCP’s Project Director (and Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Biogeochemistry Expert Panel Executive Officer). In this role he coordinates the highly diverse set of ocean carbon and biogeochemistry activities through extensive collaboration and dialogue with the scientific community via national and international organizations, scientific steering committees, scientific workshops, and expert meetings. Specifically, he is tasked to:

  • Organize and implement targeted workshops to promote the development of a global network of marine biogeochemistry observations, including workshops to reach agreements on global strategies, data sharing practices, and best practices and standards, and to ensure that data from individual programs are comparable globally.
  • Facilitate data collection, management, data product development, and archival of ocean carbon and related data. During the past decade IOCCP played a fundamental role in development of the Surface Ocean Carbon Atlas (SOCAT, https://www.socat.info/) and the Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAPv2, https://www.glodap.info/ ).
  • Maintain an international directory of ocean carbon activities through the development and maintenance of web-based compilations and syntheses of ocean carbon observations and research activities, and through e-mail and web-based newsletters and other publications.
  • Work with national and international research and observation programs to promote and document the development and status of a sustained marine biogeochemistry observing system in the framework of the Global Ocean Observing System.
  • Liaise with atmospheric and terrestrial carbon programs to promote the integration of ocean carbon into earth system studies and global integrated observations (e.g. Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS)).

Maciej Telszewski gives a keynote on Wed 12th Sept titled Viewing ICOS in a global context from coordinated ocean observations, through high quality data products to global ocean carbon fields and fluxes

Philippe Ciais

Philippe Ciais has received a PhD in 1991 for a topic titled “Holocene climate record of Antarctic ice cores”. In 1992, Dr Ciais was a post-doctoral fellow at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Boulder, Colorado, where he investigated how 13C and 18O isotopes in atmospheric CO2 can be used to constrain terrestrial carbon fluxes. He also designed the first three-dimensional simulation model of 18O in CO2, an isotopic tracer of the water cycle coupled with CO2 uptake by plant photosynthesis.

From 2005 to 2013, Philippe Ciais devoted his time to the coordination of the preparation of the Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS), being part of the national and European auditions, technical preparation work, and the negotiation of the governance and funding leverage. At that time, Philippe Ciais also acted as a co-chair of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) task force on integrated carbon observations.

In addition, Dr Ciais ha co-chaired of the Global Carbon Project in 2009-14. He also acted as a Convening Lead Author of the IPCC Working Group 1, for the Carbon Cycle chapter of the 5th IPCC Assessment Report.

Dr Ciais’ research activities during the last twenty years has mainly included the relationship between ecosystem CO2 fluxes and climate, combining terrestrial biosphere models with satellite and eddy-covariance observations. By the age of 52, Philippe Ciais has contributed to more than 600 publications in A-ranking journals over the past 17 years. He was ranked as the most productive scientific author in the field of climate change, and among the authors who contributed to 5 of the 100 most influential papers in this field.

Philippe Ciais gives a keynote on Thu 13th Sept titled ‘The global carbon balance of forests based on flux towers and forest age data‘.

Adrian Leip

Adrian Leip is a Senior Scientific Officer at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission since 2001. Dr Leip holds a PhD in Geo-ecology (University of Bayreuth, Germany). His work focuses modelling of emissions and mitigation options of GHGs and reactive nitrogen using process-based and agro-economic models, life cycle assessment including nitrogen and carbon footprint analyses; assessment of food systems in Europe; development of sustainablity indicators.

Within the Food Security Unit of the Directorate on Sustainable Resources, he leads the activities related to emissions of greenhouse gases from agricultural sources and nitrogen flows in agricultural systems and beyond (national nitrogen budgets). This includes also the work within the EU GHG inventory system, where he is responsible for the sector agriculture, in particular QA/QC of agricultural emission estimates, including methodological assessments of uncertainties in GHG emission estimates. Dr Leip is co-chair of the Expert Panel on Nitrogen and Food under the Task Force on Reactive Nitrogen (UN-ECE LRTAP Convention) and currently chairs the Technical Advisory Group on Nutrient Cycles Assessment of the Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance Partnership (LEAP, FAO). He is a lead author of the IPCC “Methodological Refinement of the 2006 Guidelines for GHG inventories” for the agriculture sector and the IPCC “6th Assessment Report – WG-III Mitigation”. Dr Leip has published over 50 papers in peer-reviewed journals mainly on the nitrogen cycle and agricultural GHG emissions.

Adrian Leip gives a keynote on Thu 13th Sept titled ‘Bottom-up and top-down methods in national GHG emission reporting‘.

 

Plenary Speakers

Alex Vermeulen

Director of the ICOS Carbon Portal. He has a strong background in (micro)meteorology, air quality modelling, observation techniques and data acquisition and ecosystem science. He has authored or co-authored more than 60 peer-reviewed scientific publications (current H-index 24). He has been involved as PI or coordinator in international cooperation projects since 1994. He started as junior scientist on a project on ammonia deposition and acidification research at ECN (Energy Research Center of the Netherlands). Since 1990 he worked in climate research in the field of GHG emission and concentration measurements and transport modelling. He has been project leader since 1994 and has been assistant group leader (~20 people) from 2005-2012. Since June 2014 he is Director of the Carbon Portal, leading a group of 12 scientists and technicians at Lund and Wageningen University. As ECN project leader he participated in European projects like European Methane (FP4), AEROCARB, RECAB (FP5), CarboEurope-IP, IMECC, GEOMON, EuroHydros, GHG-Europe, and ACTRIS (FP7). He coordinated the CHIOTTO (FP5, RTD, 5 M€, 10 partners) and the InGOS (FP7, IA, 12 M€, 38 partners) project. Currently he is involved as PI and task leader in the H2020 projects EUDAT2020, ENVRIplus and RINGO. He is chair of the WMO GAW Greenhouse Gas Scientific Advisory Board. He also initiated, acquired and coordinated the ESF research networking program TTORCH. Besides the activities on climate change research he worked in the fields of local air pollution, specifically measurement and modelling of highway dispersion; dry deposition flux measurements and high-resolution modelling of deposition loads. He was Focal Point for ICOS-NL and coordinated the ECN observations at Cabauw tall tower from 2000-2014. At ECN he was project leader for several big national projects on climate change in the field of GHG exchange and coordinator of the Dutch network on GHG observation in the national ME-2 project.

Alex gives a plenary talk on Tue 11th Sept titled The services and products provided by ICOS

Roisin Commane

Prof. Roisin Commane is an Assistant Professor in the Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University in New York City and the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades, NY. Her work combines aircraft, tall tower and eddy flux measurements, with process based models to understand the atmospheric budget of a range of trace gases, with a focus on carbon in the Arctic. She is co-lead of the NASA Arctic and Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) Carbon Dynamics Working Group and a member of the Science Leadership Group of the North American Carbon Project (NACP). As part of NASA’s Atmospheric Tomography Mission (ATom), she recently made airborne measurements of CO2, CH4, N2O and CO on the NASA DC8 on flights in the remote atmosphere above the Pacific and Atlantic oceans 2016-2018.

Before moving to Columbia University in July 2018, Roisin was a Research Associate at Harvard University, where she also developed quantum cascade laser spectrometers to measure fluxes of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) in collaboration with Aerodyne Research Inc. She deployed these instruments at a mid-latitude forest (Harvard Forest) for three years and found OCS fluxes were a good indicator of ecosystem scale stomatal conductance. Roisin obtained her PhD in Atmospheric Chemistry from the University of Leeds, where she studied oxidation of trace gases above tropical forests and in the marine and arctic boundary layers, using Laser-induced Fluorescence techniques.

Roisin Commane gives a plenary talk on Wed 12th Sept titled Data-constrained annual carbon fluxes for Arctic and Boreal ecosystems

Mathew Williams

Mathew Williams is Chair of Global Change Ecology at the University of Edinburgh. His research is on quantifying and understanding the terrestrial carbon cycle and its links to global change. He has studied the interactions of plant and soil processes across environmental and biodiversity gradients from the tropics to the Arctic. He uses process based modelling and data assimilation methods to extract information from detailed ecosystem measurements on feedback processes between soil, vegetation and the atmosphere, over timescales from days to years. Linking to remote sensing data, his group uses models to upscale process information to investigate landscape processes. He focuses particularly on issues relating to the drought sensitivity of forests and croplands, the role of disturbance (fire or anthropogenic) on forest biomass, and the sensitivity of Arctic ecosystems to warming. Understanding and simulating the non-steady state behaviour of ecosystems is a current focal interest. Mathew is a PI for the UK National Centre for Earth Observation, Director of the NERC Field Spectroscopy Facility, a member of NERC Science Board, and on the science team for the ESA Earth Explorer Biomass Mission.

Mathew Williams gives a plenary talk on Wed 12th Sept. titled Constraining terrestrial carbon balance through assimilation of remotely sensed biomass data into CARDAMOM

Stefan Schwietzke

Dr. Schwietzke is a Research Scientist at the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s Global Monitoring Division and the University of Colorado’s Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences in Boulder, CO. His research focuses on methane emissions from different sources at different scales: from local to global, which requires the application of different quantification methods in terms of measurement platforms and data analysis. In addition to academic positions, Dr. Schwietzke has worked in large corporations and business consulting. He holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in Mechanical Engineering and Technology Management, respectively, from the University of Stuttgart, Germany, and a Ph.D. in Engineering and Public Policy from Carnegie Mellon University.

Stefan Schwietzke gives a plenary talk on Wed 12th Sept titled Recent developments in using isotopic measurements for constraining methane sources and sinks

 Ana Bastos

Ana Bastos obtained her PhD in Geophysical and Geoinformation Science in 2015, in which she studied the links between atmospheric and ocean variability and anomalies in the terrestrial carbon cycle, combining satellite-, measurement- and model-based estimates of terrestrial CO2 fluxes and ecosystem productivity. She worked as a Post-Doc at the Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (LSCE, France) where she focused on understanding the gap in the CO2 budget estimates during the 20th century, particularly the contribution of inter-annual to decadal variability in climate and changes in land-use to the uncertainty in the terrestrial global CO2 budget. Recently, A.B. moved to the Geography Department of the Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich where she intends to extend her focus to the impact of natural disturbances and human activities in terrestrial C-stocks.
A.B. is currently involved in several projects aiming at improving estimates of ecosystem productivity and biomass stocks and in a project funded by the European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative to support the second phase of the “REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes (RECCAP-2) promoted by the Global Carbon Project.

Ana Bastos gives a plenary talk on Thu 13th Sept titled ‘Connecting global and regional carbon budgets to support policy-making‘.

Holger Lange

Holger Lange received a Ph.D. in theoretical physics and then moved to environmental science, in particular modelling of forested ecosystems. In 1999, he became an associate professor in Ecological Modelling at the University of Bayreuth, Germany, and since 2009, he is also Head of the Department for Terrestrial Ecology at the Norwegian Institute for Bioeconomy Research (Nibio) in Ås, Norway. Scientific interests include the terrestrial carbon cycle, climate impact modelling, remote sensing, time series analysis and nonlinear statistics. He is the PI of the ICOS ecosystem station NO-Hur in Hurdal, Southeast Norway.

Holger Lange gives a plenary talk on Thu 13th Sept titled Combining remote sensing earth observations and in situ networks detection of extreme events and optimal network size and design

Jocelyn Turnbull

Jocelyn Turnbulls’ research is focused on the atmospheric carbon cycle, with a particular interest in the source and fate fossil fuel CO2 emissions. She is investigating fossil fuel emissions at scales from individual point sources, to urban areas, to regions. Some of her current research projects are: the Indianapolis Flux Project (INFLUX), where we aim to develop and assess methods for determining urban scale emissions; Auckland’s Carbon Emissions, whereby we investigate not only the urban emissions, but the extent to which the urban ecology mitigates those emissions; Southern Ocean atmospheric radiocarbon, which uses radiocarbon measurements to investigate the mechanisms of Southern Ocean carbon exchange.

Jocelyn Turnbull gives a plenary talk on Thu 13th Sept titled Quantification of urban CO₂ emissions in Indianapolis and Auckland